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Civil Rights at 50
Charles Sumner, 1874
Commemorating the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Civil War Sesquicentennial
The Great Uprising of the North--An Anniversary Picture--April 12, 1862.
In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the Civil War, a continuing series of online features explores the Senate's wartime experience.
This Week in Senate History
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September 3, 1812

When Louisiana became the 18th state in the Union on April 30, 1812, the Louisiana state legislature elected the state's first two U.S. senators, Jean N. Destréhan and Allan B. Magruder.

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2014 Session Schedule
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Monday, Sep 08, 2014

2:00 p.m.: Convene and begin a period of morning business.

Thereafter, proceed to executive session to consider nominations.


Previous Meeting

Friday, Aug 08, 2014

The Senate convened at 9:15 a.m. for a pro forma session.


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View the previous legislative day's Floor Activity.
A Capitol in Ruins

August 24, 2014, marks the 200th anniversary of the burning of the United States Capitol by British soldiers during the War of 1812.


 

In that war, the U.S. sought to end British impressment of American sailors, wished to counter British policies that provoked Indian raids in western territories, and hoped to annex Canada in order to lessen British influence in North America. Congressional "War Hawks" prompted President James Madison to take action and issued a declaration of war on June 17, 1812, while other senators opposed war and sought a way to block such a declaration. The War of 1812 lasted until 1815, when the Senate approved for ratification the Treaty of Ghent. Although neither the U.S. nor Great Britain achieved its war objectives, the treaty did bring a period of stability to U.S.-British relations.


 

As British troops marched toward the Capitol on that hot August day in 1814, a quick-thinking Senate clerk named Lewis Machen, assisted by an African American messenger named Tobias Simpson, commandeered a wagon and saved the Senate's valuable archive of documents dating back to March 4, 1789.



On September 19, 1814, the Senate convened an emergency session in a state of crisis. In the wake of the disastrous attack, Congress met in temporary headquarters to continue its legislative business. After four years of rebuilding, the Senate again occupied its chamber, now enlarged, beautifully restored, and furnished with a collection of lovely mahogany writing desks still in use today in the Senate's modern chamber.

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