United States Senate
 GO
United States Senate Senators HomeCommittees HomeLegislation & Records HomeArt & History HomeVisitor Center HomeReference Home
United States Senate
People
Origins & Development
Historical Minutes
Exhibits
Special Collections Highlights
Paintings
Sculpture
Graphic Arts
Oral History


  
 
 
   
 The Making of a Senator. 
The Making of a Senator.
by J. Ottmann Lith. Co. 
after Joseph Keppler, Jr.
Puck
Lithograph, colored, 1905-11-15
Image with text measurement
      Height: 18.50 inches  (46.99 cm)
      Width:  11.50 inches  (29.21 cm)
Cat. no. 38.00624.001
 
 
 
 
 

The "people" were at the bottom of the pile when it came to electing U.S. senators, when Joseph Keppler, Jr.’s cartoon, "The Making of a Senator, " appeared in Puck on November 15, 1905. Voters elected the state legislatures, which in turn elected senators. Keppler depicted two more tiers between state legislatures and senators: political bosses and corporate interests. Most notably, he drew John D. Rockefeller, Sr., head of the Standard Oil Corporation, perched on moneybags, on the left side of the "big interests. "

This cartoon appeared while muckraking magazine writers such as Ida Tarbell and David Graham Phillips were accusing business of having corrupted American politics. The muckrakers charged senators with being financially beholden to the special interests. Reformers wanted the people to throw off the tiers between them and directly elect their senators–which was finally achieved with ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913.

 
 
 
  

Senate Art

Explore the Senate's Art with the Office of the Senate Curator.


E-mail a Senate curator

Have questions about Senate art?  Email the curator.

Go

Capitol Virtual Tour

Take a look inside the Capitol with our 360 degree virtual tour!

Go