United States Senate
United States Senate Senators HomeCommittees HomeLegislation & Records HomeArt & History HomeVisitor Center HomeReference Home
United States Senate
Virtual Reference Desk
Statistics & Lists
How to...
Is it true that . . .
Senate Organization
Constitution of the United States


"We the People"
Celebrating the Constitution

Written in 1787, ratified in 1788, and in operation since 1789, the United States Constitution remains a vital and living document. Having been strengthened by amendments, the Constitution serves as both guide and protector of U.S. citizens and their elected officials. To encourage all Americans to learn more about the Constitution, Congress in 2004 established Constitution Day, to be celebrated each year on or near September 17th, the date in 1787 when delegates to the Convention signed the Constitution.  

The United States Senate is proud to commemorate this day with several articles on this website, including a feature on a painting depicting Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth composing the Connecticut Compromise. This agreement settled the issue of representation in the two houses of Congress, giving each state equal representation in the Senate.

For more information on the Constitution and its place as the framework for the U.S. government please visit the Senate's Art and History and Reference web pages.


Senate Historical Office

Historical information provided by the Senate Historical Office.

Senate's Institutional History

It was up to the first Senate in 1789 to organize, establish its rules, and set precedents that would govern its actions in years to come, evolving into a complex legislative body.