The Comstock Lode was discovered under what is now Virginia City, NV. This find was later described as "the richest treasure of silver and gold ever discovered anywhere on earth in so concentrated an area." It yielded more than $300 million in bullion during its initial 20 years of operation. This discovery created a large class of millionaires and multimillionaires, many of whom participated in the development of Nevada's mineral resources over the next two decades.
Congress created the Nevada Territory. On July 11, territorial governor James Warren Nye established the territorial government.
Based on authority granted by Congress, President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed Nevada to be the 36th state of the Union.
William M. Stewart of Virginia City and former territorial governor James W. Nye of Carson City took office as Nevada's first two U.S. senators. They drew lots to determine their class assignments. Stewart drew Class 1, with a term to expire March 3, 1869. Nye drew Class 3, with a term to expire March 3, 1867.
Nevada assumed its current borders when Congress added lands carved from the Utah and Arizona territories.
Senator William Stewart hired Mark Twain to be his personal secretary. Twain quit within weeks.
The Senate passed the Coinage Act fixing the nation's currency to the gold standard and eliminating silver as a monetary standard. It was signed into law on February 12, 1873. Nevada senator William Stewart denounced this action, known in western states as the "Crime of '73."
William Stewart became chairman of the Senate Committee on Mines and Mining.
Nevada senators William Stewart and John P. Jones of Gold Hill joined with other western senators, known as the "Bonanza Kings," to successfully block all other legislation in order to secure passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, which established a plan for limited purchase of silver by the federal government. The act was signed on July 14, 1890.
Accusations that Senator Stewart's supporters intimidated his political opposition in the Nevada legislature marred his final reelection. This incident increased support in the state for direct election of U.S. senators.
President Theodore Roosevelt signed the National Reclamation Act, which was principally sponsored by Representative (and later senator) Francis Newlands of Reno. The act established a national policy for desert irrigation.
Senator John P. Jones ended his 30-year Senate career—the longest service of any Nevada senator.
Beginning in 1908, candidates for Nevada’s state legislature were bound by a ballot measure entitled "Choice for U.S. Senator" which essentially pledged any legislative candidate to elect the senatorial candidate who received the largest number of popular votes, regardless of party affiliations.
Francis Newlands became chairman of the Committee on Interstate Commerce (today's Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation).
Incumbent senator Francis Newlands became Nevada’s first directly elected senator under the terms of the Seventeenth Amendment. For the first time, women were allowed to vote in Nevada. This came almost six years before ratification of the U.S. Constitution's Nineteenth Amendment, providing that right to all eligible American women.
Bearing a quarter-century-old grudge over a Nevada land deal, a constituent entered the Senate office of retiring Nevada senator Charles Henderson of Elko and shot him in the wrist. Henderson was not seriously wounded and the assailant quickly surrendered.
Nevada dedicated its first entry in the National Statuary Hall Collection, a bronze statue of Senator Patrick A. McCarran. McCarran served on the Nevada supreme court from 1913 to 1918 and in the U.S. Senate from 1933 until his death in 1954.
In the closest Senate election race in U.S. history to that date, incumbent Democrat Howard W. Cannon of Las Vegas defeated Republican lieutenant governor Paul Laxalt by 48 votes. A recount gave the election to Cannon by a margin of 84 votes, the narrowest margin ever. Laxalt later won election to the Senate in 1974.
Howard Cannon became chairman of the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration, serving until 1978, when he became chairman of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation. He chaired that committee until 1981, when the Democrats lost control of the Senate.
Harry Reid became chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Ethics after Senator James Jeffords of Vermont left the Republican Party and started caucusing with the Democrats, giving the Democrats a one-vote majority. Senator Reid served as chairman until 2003.
The state dedicated its second entry in the U.S. Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection, bronze statue of Sarah Winnemucca (1841-1891), a member of the Paiute tribe, educator, defender of human rights, and author of the first book by a Native American woman (Life Among the Piutes: Their Wrongs and Claims, 1883).