Senators Born Outside the United States

The president is constitutionally required to be natural born, but foreign-born Senators need only nine years of U.S. citizenship to qualify for office. Constitutional qualificationsto be a Senator are specified in Article I, section 3.   

Senator (State)

David Hartley Armstrong(MO)  

David Baird(NJ)

Edward Baker(OR)

James Burnie Beck(KY)

Judah Philip Benjamin(LA)

Rudy Boschwitz(MN)

Pierce Butler(SC)

George Washington Campbell(TN)

Eugene Casserly(CA)

John Conness(CA)

James Couzens(MI)

James John Davis(PA)

Charles Edward Dudley(NY)

James Graham Fair(NV)

Eligius Fromentin(LA)

Albert Gallatin(PA)

Jacob Harold Gallinger(NH)

Frank Robert Gooding(ID)

William Harper(SC)

Sam Hayakawa(CA)

Mazie Hirono(HI)

William Hughes(NJ)

James Jackson(GA)

Magnus Johnson(MN)

Charles William Jones(FL)

John Percival Jones(NV)

Thomas Kearns(UT)

Octaviano Larrazolo(NM)

John Laurance(NY)

William Lorimer(IL)

Walter Lowrie(PA)

Stephen Russell Mallory(FL)

Lee Mantle(MT)

Mel Martinez(FL)

James McMillan(MI)

Joseph Hopkins Millard(NE)

Robert Morris(PA)

John Moses(ND)

James Edward Murray(MT)

Knute Nelson(MN)

Samuel Danford Nicholson(CO)

Samuel Pasco(FL)

William Paterson(NJ)

Thomas M. Patterson(CO)

Alexander Porter(LA)

Edward Vivian Robertson(WY)

Carl Schurz(MO)

William Joyce Sewell(NJ)

James Shields(IL)

                      (MN)

                      (MO)

Senate Service

1877-1879

1918-1919

1860-1861

1877-1890

1853-1861

1978-1991

1789-1796; 1802-1804

1811-1814; 1815-1818

1869-1873

1863-1869

1922-1936

1930-1945

1829-1833

1881-1887

1813-1819

not seated

1891-1918

1921-1928

1826

1977-1983

2013-present

1913-1918

1793-1795; 1801-1806

1923-1925

1875-1887

1873-1903

1901-1905

1928-1929

1796-1800

1909-1912

1819-1825

1851-1861

1895-1899

2005-2009

1889-1902

1901-1907

1789-1795

1945

1934-1961

1895-1923

1921-1923

1887-1899

1789-1790

1901-1907

1833-1837

1943-1949

1869-1875

1881-1887; 1895-1901

1849-1855

1858-1859

1879

Birth Place

Canada

Ireland

England

Scotland

St. Croix

Germany

Ireland

Scotland

Ireland

Ireland

Canada

Wales

England

Ireland

France

Switzerland

Canada

England

Antigua

Canada

Japan

Ireland

England

Sweden

Ireland

England

Canada

Mexico

England

England

Scotland

Trinidad

England

Cuba

Canada

Canada

England

Norway

Canada

Norway

Canada

England

Ireland

Ireland

Ireland

Wales

Germany

Ireland

Ireland

Joseph Simon(OR)

Pierre Soulé(LA)

Isaac Stephenson(WI)

Patrick Joseph Sullivan (WY)

George Sutherland(UT)

Thomas Taggart(IN)

Edward Tiffin(OH)

Robert Ferdinand Wagner(NY)

Patrick Walsh(GA)

David Levy Yulee(FL)

1898-1903

1847; 1849-1853

1907-1915

1929-1930

1905-1917

1916

1807-1809

1927-1949

1894-1895

1845-1851; 1855-1861

Germany

France

Canada

Ireland

England

Ireland

England

Germany

Ireland

St. Thomas


Born to American parents abroad

Michael F. Bennet(CO)

Charles William Cathcart(IN)

Rafael Edward (Ted) Cruz(TX)

Felix Hebert(RI)

John McCain(AZ)

James Willis Nesmith(OR)

George Tener Oliver(PA)

Lowell Weicker(CT)

George Peabody Wetmore(RI)

2009-present

1852-1853

2013-present

1929-1935

1987- present

1861-1867

1909-1917

1971-1989

1895-1907; 1908-1913

India

Madeira

Canada

Canada

Panama Canal Zone

Canada

Ireland

France

England


Born in territories not yet incorporated into the U.S.

Hiram Bingham(CT)

Charles Bouligny(LA)

Jean Noel Destréhan(LA)

1924-1933

1824-1829

1812

Kingdom of Hawaii

Spanish Louisiana

French Louisiana