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Minorities in the Senate

Learn more about the African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans and North American Indians who have served in the United States Senate, both past and present.


List of Minorities in the Senate

African American Senators

Oral History: Carol Moseley Braun, First African-American Woman in the Senate

Asian/Pacific American Senators

Hispanic American Senators

American Indian Senators

Senate Staff

African American Senate Staff

African American Messenger Tobias Simpson

Philip Reid and the Statue of Freedom

The Kate Brown Story

Robert Ogle: First African American to Serve as Professional Senate Staff

Oral History: Jesse R. Nichol, Government Documents Clerk/Librarian, Finance Committee, 1937-1971

Integrating Senate Spaces: Thomas Thornton and Louis Lautier

Oral History: Christine McCreary, Senate Staff Member, 1953-1998

Senate Chaplain, Barry C. Black

Oral History: Michael Johnson, from Senate Page to Deputy Assistant Sergeant at Arms

Senate Firsts

First African American Senator, February 25, 1870

Former Slave Presides Over Senate, February 14, 1878


Portrait of Blanche Kelso Bruce

Minorities in Congress

CRS Report: African American Members of the United States Congress(pdf)

Black Americans in Congress

Hispanic Americans in Congress

Landmark Legislation

The District of Columbia Compensated Emancipation Act

Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments

The Civil Rights Act of 1875

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Voting Rights Act of 1965

Related Items

Interested in related materials? Take a look at this Virtural Reference Desk subject for more information.

Women in the Senate