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1803

Brumidi painting, <i>Cession of Louisiana</i>

October 20

The Senate agreed to the ratification of the treaty with France providing for the Louisiana Purchase. Artist Constantino Brumidi later commemorated this treaty with the frescoed painting, Cession of Louisiana, above the doorway to S-124, then the Senate Committee on Territories, in the Capitol.

1812

Jean Noel Destrehan (party unknown-LA)

April 30

Louisiana became the 18th state admitted to the Union. In September of that year, Jean Noel Destrehan of Destrehan and Allan Bowie Magruder of Opelousas were elected to serve as the state's first U.S. senators. Destrehan resigned before being seated, and Thomas Posey of Attakapas was appointed in Destrehan's place. 

1812

Thomas Posey (R-LA)

November 27

Lots were drawn to determine class assignments for Senators Magruder and Posey. Magruder was assigned to Class 1, with a term to expire March 3, 1813. Posey was assigned to Class 3, with a term to expire March 3, 1817.

1815

February 

After the Capitol was left in ruins from a British attack on the city of Washington, Louisiana senator Eligius Fromentin of New Orleans argued in favor of construction of an "unadorned"' Capitol, to be situated conveniently near the Georgetown area. "Our laws to be wholesome, need not be enacted in a palace," he reasoned. Congress opted to restore the existing Capitol.

1819

James Brown (R/ACR-LA)

December 16

James Brown of New Orleans became chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, serving until 1820.

1821

Henry Johnson (R/ACR/W-LA)

December 17

Henry Johnson of Donaldsonville became chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, serving until 1823.

1826

Josiah S. Johnston (ACR/A/AJ-LA)

December 11

Josiah S. Johnston became chairman of the Senate Committee on Commerce (today's Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation), serving until 1827.

1831

Edward Livingston (J-LA)

May 24

Edward Livingston of New Orleans resigned his Senate seat to become secretary of state under President Andrew Jackson. Jackson had given Livingston a recess appointment. The Senate confirmed the nomination on January 12, 1832.

1839

Alexander Mouton (D-LA)

December 16

Alexander Mouton of Attakapas district, now Lafayette Parish, became chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture (today's Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry), serving until 1841.

1851

Pierre Soule (D-LA)

December 8

Pierre Soulé of New Orleans became chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture (today's Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry), serving until 1853.

1861

Judah P. Benjamin (W/O/D-LA)

February 4

Senators Judah P. Benjamin and John Slidell, both of New Orleans, withdrew from the Senate after Louisiana seceded from the Union on January 26, 1861. Benjamin's seat was declared vacant by the Senate on March 14, 1861. Slidell's term expired on March 3, 1861, so the Senate took no formal action against him.

1864

December 7

Both R. King Cutler and Charles Smith presented credentials to the Senate to fill the Louisiana seats that had been vacant since before the outbreak of the Civil War. At the same time, Louisiana citizens submitted a memorial to the Senate asking that Cutler and Smith not be seated. Debate in the Senate over the seating of Cutler and Smith continued through the expiration of Smith's term, at which time Louisiana governor Michael Hahn's credentials were submitted to the Senate. Ultimately, these election cases remained unresolved. It was not until the state of Louisiana was formally restored to the Union in 1868 that the state was again represented in the Senate.

1868

The House Joint Resolution proposing the Fourteenth amendment to the Constitution

July 9

Louisiana was formally readmitted to representation in Congress after the state legislature ratified the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

1873

James B. Eustis (D-LA)

January 21

Pinckney B. S. Pinchback presented his credentials to the Senate. The former acting governor of Louisiana spent the following three years in a dispute for the seat, facing claims from three others: William McMillen, Robert H. Marr, and James B. Eustis. Finally, on March 8, 1876, the Senate voted 32 to 29 not to seat Pinchback, preventing him from becoming the third African American United States senator. James B. Eustis of New Orleans was seated on December 10, 1877.

1873

January 22

Both John Ray and William L. McMillen appeared before the Senate with certificates of election for the same Senate seat, to complete the final six weeks of the term of Senator William P. Kellogg of New Orleans, who had resigned to run for governor. The case was referred to the Senate Committee on Privilege and Elections, who heard a confusing chronicle of rival legislatures, and ultimately neither candidate was seated.

1877

William P. Kellogg (R-LA)

November 30

The Senate voted 30 to 28 in favor of seating William P. Kellogg following disputed elections by rival legislatures. Undaunted, Henry M. Spofford, the other claimant of the Senate seat, continued to press his claim until his death in 1880.

1894

Edward D. White

February 19

The Senate confirmed the nomination of Senator Edward D. White, born in Lafourche Parish, as an associate justice of the Supreme Court. White resigned from the Senate on March 12, when he began his tenure on the Court. On December 12, 1910, White was nominated and confirmed as chief justice of the United States.

1932

Hattie Caraway and Huey Long

August 1

Senator Huey P. Long of New Orleans traveled to Arkansas for an extraordinary nine-day campaign tour in support of long-shot Senate candidate Hattie Caraway. The highly publicized "Hattie and Huey" tour resulted in a landslide victory for Caraway.

1934

Huey P. Long (D-LA)

February 23

Senator Huey P. Long delivered his "Every Man a King" radio address nationwide. In 1932 and 1933, the Senate had rejected Long's legislative efforts to secure a more equitable distribution of the nation's wealth. With this classic speech, Long utilized his oratorical skills and the power of radio to take his cause directly to the American people.

1934

John H. Overton (D-LA)

June 16

Following a third Senate investigation into campaign irregularities in Louisiana, the Senate Committee on Privileges and Elections concluded that no further Senate action was warranted with regard to the seating of Senators Huey P. Long and John H. Overton of Alexandria. The full Senate agreed by voice vote and Long and Overton retained their seats.

1935

Huey P. Long

June 12

Senator Huey P. Long began what would become his longest and most dramatic filibuster. Long, known as "The Kingfish," spoke for 15 hours and 30 minutes, the second-longest Senate speech to that date.

1935

Drawing of Huey P. Long

September 8

Senator Huey P. Long was shot by an assassin in the state capitol building in Baton Rouge. Long died from his wounds two days later.

1936

Rose McConnell Long (D-LA)

January 31

Rose McConnell Long of New Orleans was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Senator Huey P. Long, becoming only the third woman to serve in the U.S. Senate and the first woman senator from Louisiana. She was subsequently elected in a special election and served until January 3, 1937.

1938

Cover of the Farewell Address Notebook

February 22

Senator Allen J. Ellender of Montegut delivered George Washington's Farewell Address on the floor of Senate, a tradition dating to 1862.

1941

Statue of Huey Long, National Statuary Hall Collection

April 25

A statue of Huey P. Long, by artist Charles Keck, was unveiled in the U.S. Capitol, becoming Louisiana's first contribution to the National Statuary Hall Collection.

1948

Russell B. Long

November 2

Russell B. Long of Shreveport was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator John H. Overton. In doing so, Long became the first senator whose father (Huey P. Long) and mother (Rose McConnell Long) had also served in the Senate.

1951

Allen J. Ellender (D-LA)

January 15

Allen J. Ellender became chairman of the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (today's Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry), serving from 1951 to 1953, and again from 1955 to 1971.

1955

photo of Felton Johnston

January 5

Felton M. "Skeeter" Johnston, who was born in Tallulah but later lived in Mississippi, was elected to serve as the secretary of the Senate, a position he held for more than 10 years.

1955

Statue of Edward D. White, National Statuary Hall Collection

June 17

A bronze statue of Edward D. White, former senator and chief justice of the United States, by artist Arthur Morgan, was unveiled in the U.S. Capitol, becoming Louisiana's second contribution to the National Statuary Hall Collection.

1965

Russell B. Long (D-LA)

January 4

Russell B. Long was elected Senate Democratic Party whip, serving until 1969.

1966

January 14

Russell B. Long became chairman of the Senate Committee on Finance, serving until 1981.

1971

Allen J. Ellender

January 22

Allen J. Ellender became chairman of the Senate Committee on Appropriations, serving until 1972.

1971

PPT Seal

January 22

Allen J. Ellender was elected president pro tempore of the Senate, serving until July 27, 1972.

1972

Elaine S. Edwards (D-LA)

August 1

Elaine S. Edwards of Marksville became the 11th woman to serve in the Senate and Louisiana's second woman senator when she was appointed by the governor, her husband, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Senator Allen J. Ellender.

1984

Russell B. Long

July 25

Senator Russell B. Long became Louisiana's longest-serving senator, surpassing Allen J. Ellender's record of 35 years, 5 months, and 26 days. Long went on to serve a total of 38 years and 3 days.

1987

J. Bennett Johnston (D-LA)

January 6

J. Bennett Johnston of Shreveport, Caddo Parish, became chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, serving until 1995.

1987

Golden Gavel

October 30

Senator John B. Breaux of Crowly received the Golden Gavel Award for presiding over the Senate 100 hours in a single session.

1998

Cover of the Farewell Address Notebook

February 23

Senator Mary L. Landrieu of Baton Rouge (and later New Orleans) delivered George Washington's Farewell Address on the floor of the Senate, a tradition dating to 1862.

2004

John B. Breaux (D-LA)

February 23

Senator John B. Breaux of Crowly delivered George Washington's Farewell Address on the floor of the Senate, a tradition dating to 1862.

2006

David Vitter (R-LA)

May 26

Senator David Vitter of Metairie received the Golden Gavel Award for presiding over the Senate 100 hours in a single session.

2009

Mary L. Landrieu (D-LA)

January 21

Mary L. Landrieu, Louisiana's third woman senator, became chairman of the Senate Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, serving until February 2014.

2014

February 12

Mary L. Landrieu became the first woman to chair the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources.