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The United States Senate in Session.


TitleThe United States Senate in Session.
Artist/MakerUnidentified
after George W. Breck after photograph by William Kurtz
Harper's Weekly
Date1894-09-22
MediumHalftone, colored
Dimensions h. 19.5 x  w. 13.75 in. ( h. 49.53 x  w. 34.925 cm)
Credit LineU.S. Senate Collection
Accession Number38.00032.005


  • Object Description
  • This 1894 engraving shows the Senate Chamber during a typical session in the late 19th century. Senators occupy their desks, some listening to the proceedings, while others talk with one another or attend to business. During this time, only powerful committee chairmen had personal offices, and thus members spent much of their day at their desks doing work. Senate pages can be seen sitting at the rostrum awaiting a call from a member. The position of Senate page was first created in 1829. By the turn of the century, the Senate employed at least 17 young boys as pages. Dressed in knickers and jackets, they spent their days running errands for the senators, announcing impending votes, placing papers and pens on the senator’s desks, and delivering messages throughout the city. Visitors watch the proceedings from the galleries, and three press reporters can be seen above the presiding officer’s desk taking notes. The elaborate 19th-century Victorian interior shown in this image was significantly changed as part of a 1950s renovation. The original stained glass ceiling was found to be dangerously weak and had to be replaced; at the same time, the interior was altered to reflect a Federal-period look.