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  Senate Vice Presidential Bust Collection

(1905) by Franklin Bachelder Simmons
Charles W. Fairbanks

Neoclassical sculptor Franklin Simmons specialized in depicting Americans and American history, though he spent most of his career in Rome. Born and raised in Maine, Simmons briefly studied under John Adams Jackson in Boston. For two years in the mid-1860s, the sculptor lived in Washington, D.C., and modeled Civil War officers Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, and David G. Farragut. Soon afterward, Simmons moved to Rome, where, like others of his generation, he was attracted by the availability of materials and assistants and by the creative environment.

Charles Fairbanks was vice president-elect in 1905 when he sat for the bust intermittently during visits to Washington. The sculptor, who had previously created busts of Vice Presidents Hannibal Hamlin and Adlai E. Stevenson for the U.S. Capitol, apparently believed that his proposal for a likeness of Fairbanks had been officially accepted. But when the completed bust of Fairbanks later arrived in Washington from Rome, Architect of the Capitol Elliott Woods informed the sculptor that the Joint Committee on the Library had not officially sanctioned the commission. The bust of Fairbanks therefore remained in storage at the Washington Custom House for two years. Finally the vice president notified the committee that selection of Simmons as the sculptor was “entirely satisfactory” to him. The marble bust of Fairbanks was approved and placed in the Senate Chamber in 1909.

In addition to the three busts and four statues by Simmons in the U.S. Capitol, the artist is represented in Washington, D.C., by the Peace Monument at the base of Capitol Hill and the equestrian statue of General John A. Logan at Logan Circle. The artist left a sizable collection of his work to the Portland Museum of Art in his native state of Maine.

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