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On This Day: June 22, 1944

On This Day: June 22, 1944
Photo of Senator Ernest McFarland of Arizona

On June 22, 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, better known as the GI Bill. The senator behind this law was Ernest McFarland of Arizona. Hoping to reintegrate veterans into society at the conclusion of World War II, McFarland's original proposal called for bonuses for each returning GI, monthly assistance for GIs to attend high school, college, and vocational schools, and funds for down payments on homes, farms, or businesses. McFarland worked behind the scenes to ensure support from veterans organizations and members of Congress, including Missouri senator Joel "Champ" Clark, who directed the Senate hearings and helped revise the final bill.

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