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Women in the Senate

MCSmith_LBJ
Senators Smith and Neuberger confer with Lyndon Johnson, ca. 1967. (Senate Historical Office)



Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia, the first woman to serve in the United States Senate, took the oath of office on November 21, 1922. Having been appointed to fill a vacancy on October 3, Felton's official service began on that date but she served only 24 hours after taking the oath. The 87-year-old Felton's largely symbolic Senate service capped a long career in Georgia politics and journalism.

The first woman elected to the Senate was Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas. Appointed to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, U.S. Senator Thaddeus Caraway, Ms. Caraway then sought and won election on her own in 1932. She was reelected in 1938 and served until 1945.

To date, 44 women have served in the United States Senate, with 20 serving at this time (indicated in bold print below).

Women in the Senate

Name (Party) State Service Dates
Rebecca Latimer Felton (D) Georgia 1922
Hattie Wyatt Caraway (D) Arkansas 1931-1945
Rose McConnell Long (D) Louisiana 1936-1937
Dixie Bibb Graves (D) Alabama 1937-1938
Gladys Pyle (R) South Dakota 1938-1939
Vera Cahalan Bushfield (R) South Dakota 1948
Margaret Chase Smith (R) Maine 1949-1973
Eva Kelley Bowring (R) Nebraska 1954
Hazel Hempel Abel (R) Nebraska 1954
Maurine Brown Neuberger (D) Oregon 1960-1967
Elaine S. Edwards (D) Louisiana 1972
Muriel Humphrey (D) Minnesota 1978
Maryon Allen (D) Alabama 1978
Nancy Landon Kassebaum (R) Kansas 1978-1997
Paula Hawkins (R) Florida 1981-1987
Barbara Mikulski (D) Maryland 1987-
Jocelyn Burdick (D) North Dakota 1992
Dianne Feinstein (D) California 1992-
Barbara Boxer (D) California 1993-
Carol Moseley Braun (D) Illinois 1993-1999
Patty Murray (D) Washington 1993-
Kay Bailey Hutchison (R) Texas 1993-2013
Olympia Jean Snowe (R) Maine 1995-2013
Sheila Frahm (R) Kansas 1996
Mary Landrieu (D) Louisiana 1997-
Susan Collins (R) Maine 1997-
Blanche Lincoln (D) Arkansas 1999-2011
Hillary Rodham Clinton (D) New York 2001-2009
Deborah Stabenow (D) Michigan 2001-
Maria E. Cantwell (D) Washington 2001-
Jean Carnahan (D) Missouri 2001-2002
Lisa Murkowski (R) Alaska 2002-
Elizabeth Dole (R) North Carolina 2003-2009
Claire McCaskill (D) Missouri 2007-
Amy Klobuchar (D) Minnesota 2007-
Jeanne Shaheen (D) New Hampshire 2009-
Kay R. Hagan (D) North Carolina 2009-
Kirsten E. Gillibrand (D) New York 2009-
Kelly Ayotte (R) New Hampshire 2011-
Mazie Hirono (D) Hawaii 2013-
Elizabeth Warren (D) Massachusetts 2013-
Deb Fischer (R) Nebraska 2013-
Heidi Heitkamp (D) North Dakota 2013-
Tammy Baldwin (D) Wisconsin 2013-

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Women in the House of Representatives

 
  

Senate Historical Office

Historical information provided by the Senate Historical Office.


Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

The Directory provides information about former and current senators.

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Related Links

First Woman Senator

A Woman Presides over the Senate

A Declaration of Conscience


Women in the Senate

Women in the Senate