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Rules of Construction.

Lobbying Disclosure Act:
 (a) CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS.— Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit or interfere with—
    (1) the right to petition the Government for the redress of grievances;
    (2) the right to express a personal opinion; or
    (3) the right of association,
protected by the first amendment to the Constitution.
 (b) PROHIBITION OF ACTIVITIES.— Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit, or to authorize any court to prohibit, lobbying activities or lobbying contacts by any person or entity, regardless of whether such person or entity is in compliance with the requirements of this Act.
 (c) AUDIT AND INVESTIGATIONS.— Nothing in this Act shall be construed to grant general audit or investigative authority to the Secretary of the Senate or the Clerk of the House of Representatives.

Current through April 1, 2019— This compilation includes language from Public Law 104-65, as well as amending language from Public Laws 105-166 and 110-81 and 115-418. These materials are not official evidence of the laws set forth herein. Sections 112 and 204 of title 1 of the United States Code establish the rules governing which text serves as legal evidence of the laws of the United States.

For changes, after the closing date of this publication, to provisions of law in this publication, see the United States Code Classification Tables published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives at

 SEC. 7  
  SEC. 9