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Elected indirectly by the citizens through the electoral college, the president serves a four-year term. As chief executive, the president presides over the cabinet and has responsibility for the management of the executive branch. With the advice and consent of the Senate, the president also has the power to make treaties and to appoint ambassadors, U.S. officers, and judges to federal courts. He is also the commander in chief of the armed forces. The president signs laws and can veto bills that have passed Congress.

Role in the Legislative Process

Executive Business

About the Senate & the U.S. Constitution | Advice and Consent: Nominations
About the Senate & the U.S. Constitution | Advice and Consent: Treaties
Executive Calendar
Research Guide: Nominations
Research Guide: Treaties

Presidential Documents

Search Senate Executive Communications (
Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (GPO)
Executive Orders (National Archives)
Where to find Presidential Directives (LOC)
Presidential Libraries (National Archives)

State of the Union

About the State of the Union
Cabinet Members Who Did Not Attend the State of the Union Address (since 1984)
Opposition Responses (1966-Present)
Transcripts of the Address
Most Recent (GPO)
Transcripts 1993-present (GPO)


Summary of Bills Vetoed, 1789-present
Research Guide: Vetoes
Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: An Overview (CRS) (PDF)


About Impeachment
Research Guide: Impeachment
Senate Publications Related to the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton (GPO)
Senate Publications Related to the Impeachment of President Donald J. Trump (GPO)

Origins & Development

About the Presidency

Presidential Succession Act of 1792
Presidential Succession Act Jul 18, 1947

The President and the Senate

Senators Who Became President
Washington's Inauguration
The Senate Irritates President George Washington, August 1789
Senate Reverses a Presidential Censure, January 16, 1837
David Rice Atchison: (Not) President for a Day
Death of Andrew Johnson, July 31, 1875
President's Death Eases Senate Deadlock, September 20, 1881
Harry Truman Visits the Senate, May 8, 1964
List of Senate Sessions While Presidents Lay in State
Inaugurations at the U.S. Capitol

Related Items

Budget |    Elections |    Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies |   
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