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Constitution of the United States


Elected indirectly by the citizens through the electoral college, the president serves a four-year term. As chief executive, the president presides over the cabinet and has responsibility for the management of the executive branch. With the advice and consent of the Senate, the president also has the power to make treaties and to appoint ambassadors, U.S. officers, and judges to federal courts. He is also the commander in chief of the armed forces. The president signs laws and can veto bills that have passed Congress.

Role in the Legislative Process

    Executive Business

            About Advice and Consent
            Executive Calendar
            Research Guide: Nominations
            Research Guide: Treaties

    Presidential Documents

            Search Senate Executive Communications (THOMAS)
            Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents (GPO)
            Executive Orders (National Archives)
            Where to find Presidential Directives (LOC)
            Presidential Libraries (National Archives)

    State of the Union

            About the State of the Union
            Cabinet Members Who Did Not Attend the State of the Union Address (since 1984)
            Opposition Responses (1966-present)
        Transcripts of the Address
            Most Recent (GPO)
            Video & Transcripts 1992-present (C-SPAN)
            Transcripts 1993-present (GPO)


            Summary of Bills Vetoed, 1789-present
            Research Guide: Vetoes
            Regular Vetoes and Pocket Vetoes: An Overview (CRS)


            The Senate's Impeachment Role
            Research Guide: Impeachment
            The Senate Votes on Presidential Impeachment, May 16, 1868
            Senate Publications Related to the Impeachment of President Bill Clinton (GPO)

Origins & Development

    About the Presidency

            White House History (Whitehouse.gov)
            Presidential Succession Act of 1792

    The President and the Senate

            The Senate Prepares for a President, April 27, 1789
            The Senate Irritates President George Washington, August 1789
            Senate Censures President, March 28, 1834
            Senate Reverses a Presidential Censure, January 16, 1837
            President for a Day, March 4, 1849
            Death of Andrew Johnson, July 31, 1875
            President's Death Eases Senate Deadlock, September 20, 1881
            Woodrow Wilson Addresses the Senate, July 10, 1919
            Harry Truman Visits the Senate, May 8, 1964
            List of Senate Sessions While Presidents Lay in State

Related Items

            Budget |    Elections |    Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies |   
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