Less severe than expulsion, a censure (sometimes referred to as condemnation or denouncement) does not remove a senator from office. It is a formal statement of disapproval, however, that can have a powerful psychological effect on a member and his/her relationships in the Senate. In 1834, the Senate censured President Andrew Jackson – the first and only time the Senate censured a president. Since 1789 the Senate has censured nine of its members.
Read more about censure and expulsion and see a list of expelled and censured Senators.
Read About Censure
Learn more about censure by reading these essays and a book profile from the Senate Historian’s office.
United States Senate Election, Expulsion, and Censure Cases (book profile)
Interested in related materials? Take a look at this Virtual Reference Desk subject for more information.