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Less severe than expulsion, a censure (sometimes referred to as condemnation or denouncement) does not remove a senator from office. It is a formal statement of disapproval, however, that can have a powerful psychological effect on a member and his/her relationships in the Senate. In 1834, the Senate censured President Andrew Jackson – the first and only time the Senate censured a president. Since 1789 the Senate has censured nine of its members.

Who Has Been Censured in the Senate?

Read more about censure and expulsion and see a list of expelled and censured Senators.

Read About Censure

Learn more about censure by reading these essays and a book profile from the Senate Historian’s office.

Senate Censures President, March 28, 1834

Senate Reverses Presidential Censure, January 16, 1837

Senate Censured in Lobbyist Case, November 4, 1829

United States Senate Election, Expulsion, and Censure Cases (book profile)

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